Introduction of Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs
The Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs (MMD) was established in order to lead, manage, monitor and cohesion affairs related to the heirs of martyrs and disabled affairs, and had many ups and downs history from the beginning until now. Afghanistan is a war-torn country, meanwhile the war is going on and the victims from this evil time and long war reach to millions. Regarding to increased statistic of war victims, it wants sever needs to handle and provide services from an unit address to families of heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities. The MMD established due to these requirements and commitment to handle for affairs of martyrs and people with disabilities and improve their life.
The activities of this Ministry were sporadic at the beginning and were doing by different departments. Moreover, the goal was just to pay salaries of heirs of martyr and people with disabilities of and did not have any plans to improve their life and comprehensive change.
After the coup of 1978, some governmental employees that include military personnel, civil employees and civil mercenaries who were killed in wars, their salaries were paid without regarding to their position, rank or time through General Directorate of Pension Fund of Ministry of Finance.
When the war continued and the war victims increased day by day and General Directorate of Pension Fund of Ministry of Finance was not able to handle appropriately. Hence, on 1990 this department separated from General Directorate of Pension Fund and stared its activities as a General Independent Directorate of Martyrs and Disable under effect of Grand Chancellor of that time.
Through passing continuous war days, increasing war victims, and importance of handling and cooperation, on May, 1992 by registering the name of Martyrs and Disabled considered in level of Ministry due to respect and honor for heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities. So, the Ministry covered all heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities.
After political developments and constant political crises, this department was merged with Ministry of Refugees and Repatriations in 1996 during the Taliban government and continued its activities as a Deputy of Ministry. In 2002 with advent of transition period, promoted to the Ministry again and started its work under the name of "Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs". In 2006, the MMD was merged with the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs(MLS) and renamed as Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs and Disabled. Moreover, affairs related to heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities were managed and arrange in frame of Deputy of Martyrs and Disabled by name of Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs of Martyrs and Disabled.
Subsequently, on October 7, 2018 the National Office for Protection of Heirs of Martyrs and People with Disabilities was separated from the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs by Decree Number (75). So, provide service and collaborate under law of country to the most deserving people of society who had been sacrificing their lives and bashed.
Finally, on January 19, 2019 according to the Decree Number (132) of Presidential Office, this department was established under name of “State Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs”
Consequently, on January 25, 2021 according to the Decree Number (157) this ministry promoted to “Ministry of Martyrs and Disabled Affairs” and until now working as an independent ministry in frame of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
An inclusive society which heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities have equal social, economic, educational and health opportunities and rights.
The MMD as a sectoral department in the affairs of martyrs and people with disabilities is responsible for managing, coordinating, providing quality services, making policies and standards, managing information and providing advice in order to improve the lives of heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities.
- Arranging the National Disability Strategy (1400-1409) with the cooperation and coordination of national and international partners.
- Development of Electronic System and other correctional systems in order to pay the rights of martyrs and people with disabilities by cooperation of relevant institutions.
- Reforming and developing the system for monitoring and controlling the quality services of internal and foreign institutions in case of work of MMD.
- Improving mechanism for people with disabilities to services and remove prevention to ensure their fair and lawful participation.
- Modifying and developing of comprehensive information management system for heirs of martyrs and people with disabilities (type of disability, cause and necessity for services).
- Plan new strategies to develop coordination mechanisms on order to catch the cooperation and support of national and international institutions.